Geira Romana - Parque Cerdeira - Parque Nacional Peneda Gerês
Roman Road

Roman Road – I d.c.

In here granite is the moulder of the landscapes and favors the existence of many brooks, water lines, and water falls, flowing down the slopes into the rivers Vez, Lima, Homem and Cávado. The landscapes covered in green colors, resulting from the diversity of the wild plants or the fields cultivated by the human ocupants.

Azevinho - Lagoa - Lírio - Cascata - Parque Nacional Peneda Gerês - Parque Cerdeira
Holly | Lagoon | Gerês Lilium | Waterfall

Nature

National Park Peneda-Gerês is a natural museum, where many unique flora species can be found, such as Lily from Gerês (Iris boissieri) and Fern from Gerês (Woodwardia radicans). In the highest areas, with traces of a pre glacier flora, among which Juniper (Juniperus) and Thrift (America welwitschii), the Yew (Taxus baccata) and the Birch (Betula betulaceae) and  Silver birch (Betula pendula) woods. The slopes are covered with Oaks (Quercus rober and Quercus pyrenaica) and Holly (Ilex aquifolium) woods. The climatic variety allows the existence of vegetation with Mediterranean characteristics, growing abundantly in the sunnier slopes, such as the Cork Oak (Quercus suber), Strawberry Tree (Arbutus unedo) and bay laurel (Laurus nobilis). And there is also the the medicinal and aromatic flora in the form of herbs and small bushes, from which we would like to point Blueberry (Vaccinium), Gorse (Bahccaris trimera), kermes Oak (quercus coccifera), Little Robin (Geranium purpureum) and Common Hawthorne (Crataegus monogyna).

tradicao
Soajo | Vilarinho das Furnas | Minho Costume |Corn exfoliation

Tradition

People accommodated themselves in the slopes and hillsides. They have planted vines, olive and orange trees, channelling the water lines using the water streams in their favor and creating an agro-pastoral economy. Granite was extracted from the hills to bild houses and villages around the church or chapel. The people have moulded nature to the needs of their collective existence.

fauna
Viper  | ”Bufo Real” | Garrano | Lizard

Fauna

Living in complete freedom, the Garrano is a native horse breed from the National Park Peneda-Gerês, co-existing with other mammals. From this we would like to point, the Roe Deer, the Iberian Wolf, the Fox, the Genet, the Otter and Pyrenean Desman. There are also some birds of prey that we can spot in the National Park, such as Golden Eagle (almost extinct), Common Buzzard, Booted Eagle, Red Kite and Eurasian Eagle-owl. In the ground a wide diversity of reptiles from which we point Lataste’s viper, Smooth Snake and Southern Smooth Snake, Montepellier Snake and Shneiber’s Green Lizard; and amphibians, like the Golden-striped Salamander, Booska’s Newt and the Marbled Newt